๐Ÿ•Œ Rajab: Month of peace and diversity ๐ŸŒ‡ ๐ŸŒ† ๐Ÿ™ ๐ŸŒƒ ๐ŸŒŒ ๐ŸŒ‰ ๐ŸŒ๐Ÿฐ ๐Ÿฏ ๐ŸŸ๐Ÿ  ๐Ÿก ๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ“™ ๐Ÿ“š ๐Ÿ“– ๐Ÿš ๐Ÿข Interdisciplinary Intellectual Contemporary Considerations with Deference and Respect.

Eternal Flame Falls is a small waterfall located in the Shale Creek Preserve, a section of Chestnut Ridge Park in Western New York. A small grotto at the waterfall’s base emits natural gas, which can be lit to produce a small flame. This flame is visible nearly year round, although it can be extinguished and must occasionally be re-lit.

ุณุจุญุงู† ุงู„ู„ู‡
Subhan’Allah : Glory and praise be to Allah

Rajab: Month of peace and diversity

Rajab is the seventh month of Islamic Lunar Calendar. This month is a prelude to Ramadan, the ninth month in the Islamic calendar in which Muslims are commanded to observe fasting from sunrise to sunset.

It is also one of the four sacred months besides, Muharram (Islamic month 1), Dhu al-Qahdah (Islamic month 11), Dhu al-Hijjah (Islamic month 12). During these four months hostilities and conflicts have been forbidden and have to come to an end or halt. Additionally, it is also the month remembered for one of the most sacred events to take place in the history of Islam when a human being was chosen by the Creator of the universe to visit the world reserved for the life hereafter.

The event known as Al Israโ€™ wal Miraj which took place on the 27 day of Rajab with its mysterious dimensions still incomprehensible to the human mind. Israa is an Arabic word referring to Prophet Muhammadโ€™s miraculous night journey from Makkah to Jerusalem – specifically, to the site of al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem – as referred to in Surah Al-Israa in the Quran.

It is believed to have been followed by the Miโ€™raj, his ascension to heaven. According to some of the Hadith scholars this journey is believed to have taken place just over a year before Prophet Muhammad migrated to from Makkah to Madinah, on the 27th of Rajab.

Muslim scholars have often focused on recommended acts of worship during this month. However, some of these recommendations are the subject of debate and scrutiny. The spectrum of opinion range from attaching no specific value to any special act of worship in this month to sanctifying events and particular acts of worship. For instance some scholars have presented some ahadith (sayings of the Prophet) recommending fasting at least once in the month of Rajab, while the others have rejected those ahadith declaring them weak. Unfortunately, few scholars have presented the significance of the month for a plural society beyond its relevance for Muslims. This has shifted the focus from the real significance of the month.

In essence the month of Rajab and the events occurred therein highlight three important features:

1. Conflicts and hostilities must come to an end to attain peace and commitment to divine guidance.
2. Human beings have the capacity to reach the peak of their existence by learning about the hereafter.
3. Islam is the continuation of the divine guidance and the main objective of the faith is to revere, respect and deliberate the diversity of the divine guidance.

Path to Peace

Rajab is declared a sacred month, hence all hostilities must come to an end in this month. Although divine guidance has always encouraged humanity to refrain from executing their anger into unfavorable actions, there is a special emphasis made during the four sacred months as it provides a month long reminder. The focus helps them to recognize and control their egos and desire and to refrain from hateful acts of taking revenge especially if it inflicts harm on other. The idea is simple, that for four months in a year, a universal understanding in the sense of an ethical framework that people agree to self-restrain and work towards peace in a committed and dedicated manner. People are encouraged not to indulge in anything that can lead to conflicts either at home or in the world at large. This type of thinking would be enough to enable people to live peacefully throughout the year ensuring that the message of the sanctity of human life is preserved.

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โ€œI so wish and plead and hope that one day the Google (Play store) will be available in China,โ€ said Alok Kejriwal, CEO of online gaming company Games2win in India. โ€œItโ€™s a massive opportunity that we are all waiting to exploit.โ€

wwwpages: fortune.com/2017/03/31/apple-trillion-dollar-company/ and because it’s giving all of its profits back to shareholders, Apple looks like a decent investment.

There is a small strip at the top of the screen that features a light-up panel with different options, which adjusts automatically to depending on what you are doing. (Apple device, Touch Bar)
But it will only be a great investment if it finds what it’s been lacking: new avenues for growth. And only a raft of exciting products, not a continuation of the Big Shrink, will deliver Apple to the promised land of $1 trillion.

Peak of Humanity

From an Islamic perspective, the experience of Isra and Miraj, journey to Jerusalem and then ascension to heavens in one night is a significant event in the history of humanity. For the first time, a messenger was invited to heavens to experience the worlds that are yet to emerge and then report it back to the believers. Whether it was physical or spiritual, is beside the point. What is significant is that a human reached a peak of incomparable proportions that is still beyond human comprehension. Obviously, it is implied that only truly a blessed human being with minimal flaws was allowed to have this experience. The event connects humanity with the hereafter and gives assurance to the believers that it is within the reach of every human being.

Futures under fire: “Our revolution is not a revolution that can be won by ignorant people, so we had to depend on teaching the young generation, they will have to rise up and know the meaning of liberation and freedom, and know how to use that freedom once we get it.” … largest reversal of education progress ever recorded.


Path to Pluralism

Prophet Muhammad in his ascension to heavens was first taken to Jerusalem. Why was this a one stop flight? Why was it not direct? This is a very significant issue as it emphasizes the unity of all monotheistic religions and underscores the commitment of all religious communities to respect each other. There was no Muslim place of worship in Jerusalem at that time. There were symbols of Jewish and Christian faiths. There were Sabians also present. The presence of the Prophet in the holy lands establishes the principle of religious pluralism and unity of monotheistic faiths. Rather than engaging in conflicts these faiths should work hand in hand to ensure that people develop a better understanding of their relations with the divine.

These were the essential messages that the month of Rajab highlights. Some of the recommended acts of worship include an emphasis on worship which are generally accepted to increase a personโ€™s spirituality. For example:

1. The Prophetย (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)ย observed non-obligatory sawm/fasting as an act of worship and spiritual strengthening documented in many authentic ahadith.

2. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) recommended doing zikr (remembering God).

3. Finally, the Prophet (Sallallahuh Alaihi Wasallam) always asked his followers to give to the poor and the needy regularly.

Rajab is a month with blessings beyond our imagination and a month in which Duas are sure to be answered. We must respect this month and busy ourselves in as much Ibaadat as is possible within our capacity, so that we may take advantage of the numerous blessings of this month and so that we may attain the Pleasure and Mercy of Allah(SWT). May Allah(SWT) grant us the Taufeeq to wake up from our laziness and heedlessness, to make His Ibaadat and to attain His Pleasure so that we may attain His Infinite Mercy and Blessings during this sacred month, Ameen.

VOLUNTARY FASTS

By C. Mofty

The first thing to understand is the difference between what is known as fard and what is known as nafl.ย  Fard is obligatory, it is what Allah requires us to do, and leaving it is a sin and we will be held accountable for it. An example is two rakah of Fajr prayer and the fasts of Ramadan.

Nafl literally means extra. Nafl worship is voluntary, it is not required from a Muslim, rather it is up to the individual to offer it. It is optional and voluntary. The Muslim is not sinful for neglecting nafl, but is rewarded for doing it. Therefore, nafl worship is recommended. Examples of nafl fasts will be covered in this lesson.

Many times a new Muslim is anxious about fasting the whole month of Ramadan (9th Islamic month).ย  Voluntary fasts provide an excellent opportunity to practice fasting while earning rewards before Ramadan approaches. At the same time, one must remember not to burn out, but to be gradual without being negligent.

The Most Important Nafl Fasts

1. Six Days in the Month of Shawwal (the month following Ramadan or the 10th Islamic month)

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

โ€œWhoever fasts during the month of Ramadan and then follows it with six days of Shawwal will be (rewarded) as if he had fasted the entire year.โ€ [1]

It is forbidden to fast on the day of Eid or Eid-ul-Fitr to be specific. You can keep these six fasts anytime after the day of Eid and they do not have to be kept consecutively. If you wish you can fast them separately as long as they are completed within the month of Shawwal.

2. Fasting the Ninth Day of Dhul-Hijjah (12th Islamic month)

The Islamic month in which the Hajj is performed is known as Dhul-Hijjah. โ€œDay of Arafahโ€ is the ninth day of that month.

It is recommended for those not performing the Hajj pilgrimage to fast this day as the Messenger of Allah said: โ€œFasting on the day of Arafah is an expiation for two years, the year preceding it and the year following it.โ€ [2]

3. Fasting the Tenth Day of the Islamic Month of Muharram (1st Islamic month)

Muharram is the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar. The tenth day of this month has a special name โ€“ โ€œAshura.โ€ What does one get for fasting it? The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) ย informed us,

โ€œFasting the day of Ashura is an expiation for the past year.โ€ [3]

4. Fasting Mondays and Thursdays

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him), the close companion of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) would fast on Mondays and Thursdays. When asked about that, the Prophet, may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: โ€œThe actions are presented on every Monday and Thursday. Allah forgives every Muslim or every believer, except for those who are boycotting each other. He says (about them): โ€˜Leave them.โ€™โ€ [4]

When the Prophet was asked about fasting on Mondays, he said: โ€œThat is the day on which I was born and the day on which I first received revelation.โ€ [5]

5. Fasting most of the month of Shaโ€™ban (8th Islamic month)

Shaโ€™ban is the name of the Islamic month that comes before Ramadan. The Prophet would fast most of the month of Shaโ€™ban.

โ€˜Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), the wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), said: โ€œI never saw the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) fast a complete month except for Ramadan, and I have never seen him fast more in a month than he did in Shaโ€™ban.โ€ [6]

Differences Between Fasts of Ramadan & Voluntary Fasts

1. The intention for a voluntary fast can be made during the day

Let us say that you woke up and prayed Fajr. You did not have the intention to fast that day and you also did not eat, drink, have intercourse, or otherwise do anything that would break a personโ€™s fast.ย Later in the day, you can make the intention for a voluntary fast if you have not done any of those things that break the fast.ย You should have the intention the night before to fast the next day for Ramadan fasts.

2. It is permissible for one who is performing a voluntary fast to break his fast

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: โ€œThe one who is fasting voluntarily is in charge of himself.ย  If you wish you may fast and if you wish you may break your fast.โ€ [7]

Abu Saโ€™id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) said: โ€œI prepared food for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).ย  He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came to me with some of his companions.ย  When the food was laid out, one of the men said: โ€˜I am fasting.โ€™ The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: โ€˜Your brother has invited you and incurred expenses in your behalf.โ€™ ย Then he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked him, โ€˜Break your fast and fast another day in its place if you wish.โ€™ โ€œ [8]

References:

[1] Saheeh Muslim

[2] Saheeh Muslim

[3] Saheeh Muslim

[4] Musnad

[5] Saheeh Muslim

[6] Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim

[7] Musnad

[8] Baihaqi


On this trip, he found many signs of Allah revealed to him, including a meeting with the prophets and messengers before. Nevertheless among the awards presented to the Messenger of Allah is the moment in which he was invited to God who commanded the most urgent law as an obligation that must be carried out by a Muslim, the five daily prayers.

Visit wwwpages: zawiyah.org to view infographic

Arabic Terms

ยท Nafl – a voluntary act of worship

ยท Muharram, Shaโ€™ban, Ramadan, Shawwal, Dhul-Hijjah – names of some important Islamic months. Muharram is the 1st month of the Islamic calendar, Shaโ€™ban the 8th, Ramadan the 9th, Shawwal the 10th and Dhul-Hijjah the 12th.

ยท Arafah – the 9th day of the Islamic month of Dhul-Hijjah.

ยท Ashura – the 10th day of the Islamic month of Muharram.

ยท Eid – festival or celebration. Muslims celebrate two major religious holidays, known as Eid-ul-Fitr (which takes place after Ramadan) and Eid-ul-Adha (which occurs at the time of the Hajj).

ยท Fard – an obligatory duty.

ยท Fajr – the morning prayer.

ยท Hadith – (plural โ€“ ahadith) is a piece of information or a story. In Islam it is a narrative record of the sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and his companions.

ยท Hajj – A pilgrimage to Mecca where the pilgrim performs a set of rituals. The Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam, which every adult Muslim must undertake at least once in their life if they can afford it and are physically able.

ยท Rakah – unit of prayer.

ยท Ramadan – The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. It is the month in which the obligatory fasting has been prescribed.

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ุฃูŽุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููุฑู ุงู„ู„ู‘ู‡ูŽ ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠ ู„ุง ุฅู„ู‡ูŽ ุฅู„ุงู‘ ู‡ููˆูŽ ูˆูŽุญู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ู„ุง ุดูŽุฑููŠูƒูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุชููˆุจู ุฅู„ูŽูŠู’
I ask the forgiveness of Allah. There is no god save HIM alone without having any partner. And I repent before HIM. Astaghfirullaha alladhy la ilaha illa huwa wahdahu la sharika lahu wa atubu ilayhi.

After his historic victory in Uttar Pradesh, he spoke on Sunday, March 12, of a “new India”, of an inclusive society and being a government for all, not just for those who voted …

Unlike Christianity and Judaism, Islam isnโ€™t formally recognized in Italy. This means that mosques cannot receive public funds, Islamic weddings have no legal value and Muslim workers arenโ€™t entitled to take days off for religious holidays. At least 1.4 million Muslims are living in Italy, making Islam the countryโ€™s de facto second-largest religion.

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